Mnemonic Monday: 7 Cute Ladies- Mnemonics for the Patient Interview


By Molly Lewis

Whether you are a first year in Physical Diagnosis class, a second year in Continuity Clinic, a third year seeing consults, or an attending deciding if a patient needs emergency surgery, taking a complete history is a key aspect of patient care. How can you remember everything you need to ask? Try a mnemonic!


Mnemonic Monday: The Krebs Cycle


By Haley Masterson

Mnemonic courtesy of First Aid for the USMLE: Step 1

Join the First Aid Team!


Do you LOVE mnemonics? Want to be a part of the First Aid Team? Looking for a paid internship?

We’re currently looking for someone who would like to create simple, visual mnemonics for our blog at

If you think you qualify, and you’d like to join the team, click here to submit an application. Make sure that you indicate in the “Statement of Interest” field that you are applying for the First Aid Team Blog Mnemonics Position and include a sample of your work.



Mnemonic Monday Structures of the Diaphragm

Mnemonic Monday – Positions of Heart Auscultation


By Haley Masterson

All Physicians Take Money

(Aortic, Pulmonic, Tricuspid, Mitral)

From left to right across your chest:  A is the right upper sternal border (the second right interspace), P is the left upper sternal border (the second left interspace), T is the left lower sternal border, and M is the apex.


Please note that these are guidelines to aid you in diagnosis on test questions; they are not necessarily going to be physiologically true in all cases. (more…)

Mnemonic Monday: Cyanotic Congenital Heart Defects


By Haley Masterson

This mnemonic has been passed around pediatric residency programs for decades but is rarely mentioned in the medical school setting (which is unfortunate, because it works so well).  

The 5 Cyanotic Congenital Heart Defects are as easy as 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.

One big trunk:   Truncus arteriosus.

Two interchanged vessels:  Transposition of the Great Vessels.

ThreeTriscuspid Atresia.

FourTetralogy of Fallot.

Five words:  Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return. (more…)

Mnemonic Monday: Fetal Heart Tracings


By Haley Masterson

Reading your first fetal heart tracing can be intimidating, but you will be a pro at interpreting accelerations, early decelerations, variable decelerations, and late decelerations once you read a few hundred of them. Until then, keep this mnemonic close at hand…


The trick to this mnemonic is writing it so each letter is associated with the one beneath it, like so:


Mnemonic Monday: Structures of the Diaphragm


By Haley Masterson

Mnemonics are an important tool for approaching Gross Anatomy. Here’s one for the diaphragm that will help you not only in orienting yourself in the lab, but also in identifying cross-sectional levels on x-rays in the future.

I Ate 10 Eggs At 12

The diaphragm has 3 main hiatuses – the hiatus of the inferior vena cava (IVC), the esophageal hiatus, and the aortic hiatus. The IVC passes through the diaphragm at the level of T8 (I “ate”), the esophagus passes at the level of T10 (“10 Eggs”), and the aorta passes through at the level of T12.

Go to Top